Approaches and Methods of Language Teaching Seven College Exam-2020

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Approaches and Methods of Language Teaching

Exam 2020

Part – C

  1. What is direct method (DM)? How is it different from Grammar Translation Method (GTM)?
  2. Discuss Audio Lingual Method.
  3. Discuss goals, principles, advantages and disadvantages of Audio-Lingual Method.
  4. Discuss the major strategies or techniques of improving vocabulary.
  5. Discuss the Theories of First Language Acquisition.
  6. Explain the social and psychological factors that play in acculturation model of second language development.
    Or, discuss the Acculturation Model of second language acquisition.
  7. What are the features and objectives of Desuggestopedia?
  8. Identify and discuss the challenges in implementing CLT in Bangladesh.
  9. Discuss Krashen’s Monitor Model.
  10. What is Reform Movement? Discuss the role of Reform Movement in the history of English Language Teaching focusing the principles of Reform Movement.
  11. What is TBLT? Discuss the types of tasks.
  12. What is Situational Language Teaching (SLT)? Discuss the approach, design and procedures of Situational Language Teaching.

Part – B

  1. What are the differences between approach and method?
  2. Define language from the functional point view.
  3. What is communicative competence?
  4. Write the purpose teaching vocabulary.
  5. What is ‘tissue rejection’?

N.B. Read the chapters GMT, ALM, CLT, SLT, TBLT, and Desuggestopedia carefully. Then we can cut a good figure in the exam.
Part A with Answer

  1. What is IPA?
    Ans: IPA is a system of transcribing the sounds of languages.
  2. What is ‘realia’?
    Ans: Realia refers to real or actual objects used as teaching aids to make learning more natural.
  3. What is coherence?
    Ans: The internal connection between ideas in a writing.
  4. What is ‘Lingua Franca’?
    Ans: Lingua Franca is a language that is adopted as a common language between speakers whose native language are different.
  5. What is TESEP?
    Ans: The teaching approaches followed in the rest of the world are called TESEP.
  6. Define Appropriate Methodology?
    Ans: Appropriate Methodology refers to a process of making English language education more appropriate to the social requirements of students and educators in different environments throughout the world.
  7. What is goal of TPR?
    Ans: To provide an enjoyable learning experience.
  8. What are the authentic materials?
    Ans: Authentic materials are teaching materials that were originally designed for native speakers for the purpose of real-life communication.
  9. What does ‘Army Method’ refers to?
    Ans: The ‘Army Method’ refers to a method for the American armies. This is also known as Audiolingual Method.
  10. Which method is known as the ‘classical method’?
    Ans: The Grammar Translation Method.
  11. What is nativism?
    Ans: The nativist theory of language acquisition states that language is innate and ‘native’ to humans from birth.
  12. What is method?
    Ans: A method is the reflection of a chosen approach to teaching and learning.
  13. How many phases are there in TBLT?
    Ans: Three phases.
  14. What is SLA and ESL?
    Ans: SLA stands for Second Language Acquisition and ESL stands for English as a Second Language.
  15. What is ‘ELT Methodology’?
    Ans: The teaching methodology of English language.
  16. Define GTM and Direct Method?
    Ans: GTM is a teaching method where teachers teach grammatical rules to students, and students memorize rules to translate sentences and passages from mother tongue into the target language and vice versa.
    The Direct Method is a system of teaching a foreign language using only that language and without emphasis on the study of grammar.
  17. What do you mean by Skimming and Scanning?
    Ans: Skimming enables readers to look efficiently for something that interests them. Scanning is to glance quickly through a text in order to find a specific piece of information.
  18. What is applied linguistics?
    Ans: Applied linguistics is an interdisciplinary field of linguistics that identifies, investigates and offers solutions to language-related real life-life problems.
  19. What is pedagogy?
    Ans: The method and practice of teaching.
  20. What is approach in language teaching?
    Ans: An approach is a way of looking at teaching and learning.
  21. What is meant by LAD?
    Ans: LAD stands for Language Acquisition Device.
  22. How is the learning environment in desuggestopedia?
    Ans: The learning environment is favourable.
  23. What is ‘linguistics imperialism’?
    Ans: The transfer of a dominant language to other people.
  24. Define language from structural point of view?
    Ans: Language refers to the use of linguistic or grammatical aspects of a language.
  25. What is TESOL?
    Ans: TESOL is acronym of Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages.
  26. What is the oldest language teaching method?
    Ans: Grammar Translation Method.
  27. Who coined the term ‘Communicative Competence’?
    Ans: Dell Hymes.
  28. Who are the proponents of the Direct Method?
    Ans: Gouin, Berlitz and de Sauze.
  29. What is Scaffolding?
    Ans: The assistance from an expert to help learners reach next level.
  30. What is ‘Affective Filter Hypothesis’?
    Ans: Affective filter is a kind of mental block that may decrease the acquisition rate of learners.
  31. What is ZPD?
    Ans: ZPD is the gap between what a learner can learn by themselves and what he/she can learn with help of teachers.
  32. What are the tasks in TBLT?
    Ans: Information-gap, reasoning -gap, and opinion-gap.
  33. Who is originator of desuggestopedia?
    Ans: Georgi Lozanov.
  34. What is ESP?
    Ans: ESP is for English for Specific Purpose.
  35. What is interlanguage?
    Ans: Interlanguage is a kind of linguistic system which can be divided into local parts.
  36. What is PPP in language teaching?
    Ans: Presentation-practice-production.
  37. What is the Natural Approach?
    Ans: A process of language teaching.
  38. What is TBLT?
    Ans: TBLT refers to Task-Based Language Teaching.
  39. What do you mean by ‘Post Method Pedagogy’?
    Ans: A three-dimensional system consisting of the parameters of particularly, practicality and possibility.
  40. What is ‘intensive reading’?
    Ans: Reading with close attention to specific features of a text.
  41. What is Linguistics?
    Ans: The scientific study of language.
  42. What is procedure?
    Ans: The process of following some techniques to teach a particular skill in the classroom.
  43. Mention the theory of language behind Audiolingualism?
    Ans: Structural linguistics.
  44. Which method replaced Grammar Translation Method in Bangladesh?
    Ans: The Direct Method.
  45. Which method uses extensive drilling?
    Ans: Audio lingual method.
  46. What is linguistic competence?
    Ans: The system of linguistic knowledge possessed by native speakers of a language.
  47. What is the elaboration of CLT?
    Ans: Communication Language Teaching.
  48. What is learner autonomy?
    Ans: Learner autonomy refers to an approach to learning.
  49. What is direct method?
    Ans: A language teaching approach.
  50. Explain language shift?
    Ans: A speech community may have two languages, and when it stops using one of these and shifts to the other, it is called language shift.
  51. When was CLT introduced in Bangladesh?
    Ans: In 1990s.
  52. Define ‘peripheral learning’?
    Ans: Peripheral learning refers to stimulating learning through a rich environment such as classroom decoration featuring the target language.
  53. What is Pantomime?
    Ans: Pantomime is a way of expressing information or telling a story without words by using body movements and facial expressions.
  54. What is schema?
    Ans: Schema refers to the background knowledge that learners use to comprehend a text.
  55. What is the main criticism of the GTM?
    Ans: It does not promote communicative language skills.
  56. What is the full form of BANA and TESEP?
    Ans: BANA- Britain, Australasia, and North America.
    TESEP- Transforming and Enhancing the Student Experience through Pedagogy.
  57. What is orthography?
    Ans: The traditional spelling system of a language.
  58. In which method pronunciation gets little attention?
    Ans: In GTM.
  59. In which method students are only receiver of lectures?
    Ans: In teacher cantered method.

Full Answer: Approaches and Methods of Language Teaching

SR Sarker
SR Sarker
Articles: 380

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