Connection and Conjunction
Conjunctions are words that are used to connect other words, phrases, and clauses. There are three types of Conjunctions such as coordinating, correlative, and subordinating.
Coordinating Conjunctions or compound conjunctions
We use coordinating conjunctions to connect two or more words, phrases, or clauses that are equal or parallel. There are seven coordinating conjunctions: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so.
Not parallel: intelligence and foolish – intelligence is a noun, foolish is an adjective.
Parallel: read and write – both are verbs.
Not parallel: finishing the work and she walked home – finishing the work is a verb phrase, she walked home is an independent clause.
Parallel: buying books and walking home – both are verb phrases.
Parallel: He works hard for he wants to be successful.
Like coordinating conjunctions, correlative conjunctions connect parallel words, phrases, and clauses. Correlative conjunctions also come in pairs. There are several pairs of correlative conjunctions such as both/and, not only/but also, either/or, neither/nor, whether/or. When correlative conjunctions are used, one comes before each word or group of words that are being connected.
Both Russel and Rumana are intelligent and diligent.
Either eat your meal or clear your plate.
Subordinating Conjunctions or complex conjunctions
It is different from the other two types of conjunctions in a few important ways. We have to remember two fundamental facts about subordinating conjunctions.
Subordinating conjunctions are not used to connect words or phrases; they are only used to connect clauses.
Subordinating conjunctions are not used to connect parallel clauses.
Unless you study regularly, you will cut a poor figure in the exam.