- Compose date: 1604–1605
- Published date: First Folio edition, 1623
- First performance: 1606
- Place setting: Great Britain
- Time setting: 8th century BC because Lear was a legendary king of Britons, present name Britain, in 8th century BC and Shakespeare wrote this story in the Jacobean period.
- Protagonists: King Lear and Cordelia
- Antagonists: Goneril, Regan and Edmund
- Justice and power
King Lear: He is the protagonist of the tragedy. His characteristic features are:
- Lack of judgment
- Passionate hatred
- Passionate affection
- The passionate urge for flattery
- Revival of humanity
- Hardly heroic
Three daughters of King Lear: Goneril, Regan and Cordelia.
Cordelia: She is Lear’s youngest and most beloved daughter. She is the heroine of the tragedy. Her characteristic features are:
- Truthfulness and sense of duty
- Perfect judgment power
- Dignity and repose
- A paradigm of self-controlling power
Goneril: She is Lear’s eldest daughter. Her characteristic features are:
- Power hungry
Reagan: She’s the middle daughter of King Lear. She is a powerful hunter and imperious as her sister Goneril; although she often follows Goneril’s leadership, she exceeds Goneril in the villain at least a little bit.
Gloucester: He is a nobleman of Britain. He has two sons. His characteristic features are:
- Loyal to King Lear
- Simple Manner
- Lack of judgement
- Superstitious nature
- A mixture of opposites
- A redemptive character
- His circumstances are pretty similar to Lear
Edmund: He is the youngest and illegitimate son of the nobleman named Gloucester. He is the villain of the tragedy. His characteristic features are:
- Wit and wickedness
Edgar: He is Gloucester’s legitimate and oldest son. His characteristic features are:
- A goodman of noble qualities
- Victim of conspiracy
- Insane beggar for security
- Powerful and heroic
Kent: He is a nobleman, much like Gloucester, and is loyal to Lear. His full name in the drama is The Earl of Kent.
Albany: He is Goneril’s husband.
Cornwall: He is Regan’s husband. He is cruel and violent.
The Fool: The Fool is Lear’s jester and the only person to criticize and mock him directly.