Short note on Metaphysical poets
Question: Write a short note on Metaphysical poets.
Metaphysical poetry concerned with the experience of man. Metaphysical poetry is a type of poetry in which abstract ideas are dealt with such as love, faith, God, belief, etc. Apparently, those who write metaphysical poems are called metaphysical poets.
Poets of Metaphysical World
This is a very broad term, but joins together a number of 17th century poets, most notable among them are highlighted below:
John Donne (1572-1631)
Donne is considered the master of metaphysical poetry. He is the founder of metaphysical poetry. He creates a new trend for writing poetry. Donne’s material of poems is abstract but he gives it full poetic concrete pictures. Especially his imagistic writing, use of conceit, abrupt beginning with dramatic style, and colloquial diction made his poems highlighted.
George Herbert (1593-1633)
Herbert followed the lead offered by Donne but he also made contributions that were quite distinct. His distinguishing characteristics is his simplicity of diction and metaphor. He draws his metaphors from everyday domestic experience, employing a range of simple commonplace imagery in contrast to the sophisticated imagery of Donne. ‘‘The Temple’’ and ‘‘The Country Parson’’ are his notable works.
Henry Vaughan (1621-1695)
Vaughan is considered one of the major metaphysical poets, whose works ponder one’s personal relationship to God. He saw mankind as poets restless and constantly seeking a sense of harmony and fulfillment through contact with God. He has the arrogance of a visionary. Vaughan’s images are more universal or cosmic. ‘’Silex Scintillans’’ is his famous works.
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Andrew Marvell (1621-2678)
Marvell is marked by the extraordinary variety and he is gifted with the most subtle imagination. His technique of drawing upon philosophy to illustrate his argument gives his poems and intellectual appeal. His most notable work is ‘‘To His Coy Mistress’’.
Richard Crashaw (1613-1649)
Richard wrote many metaphysical poems following Donne. He may be characterized by the brilliant use of extravagant baroque imagery. By his brilliant and rapid short lines and brief intervals, he carried English prosody to a higher refinement and to a more glittering felicity. ‘‘Steps to the Temple’’ and ‘‘Delights of the Muse’’ are his famous works.
To sum up, undoubtedly, we can say that the metaphysical poets develop the store of English poetry.