Discuss the theme of loss and recompense in Immortality Ode (With Translation)

Comment on Blake’s treatment of Childhood concerning his poems. Or Discuss the theme of loss and recompense in Immortality Ode. 

Introduction: The acclaimed poem প্রশংসিত কবিতা of 19th century “Ode on Intimation of Immortality” by William Wordsworth (1770-1850) which deals with যা আলোচনা করে the theme of reminiscence পূর্বস্মৃতি/ স্মৃতিচারণ, losses and gains provide দেয় a very high concept of childhood. Wordsworth’s conception of childhood is apparent in his most popular line তার সবচেয়ে জনপ্রিয় লাইনে স্পষ্ট “Child is the father of man”. As a great mystic and philosopher, Wordsworth has glorified childhood. ওয়ার্ডসওয়ার্থ শৈশবকে মহিমান্বিত করেছে। 

Heavenly pleasures 

At the very outset of the poem, Wordsworth declares that all human beings enjoy heavenly pleasures in childhood as the poet enjoyed in his childhood. শৈশবে কবি যেমন উপভোগ করেছেন. In childhood all objects of nature such as meadow, তৃণভূমি grove, উপবন stream, নদী rainbow, rose and moonlit seem to cover আবৃত মনে হয় with celestial or heavenly beauty and pleasures স্বর্গীয় সৌন্দর্য এবং আনন্দ দিয়ে but with the passage of time তবে সময়ের সাথে সাথে such beauty and pleasures disappear এধরনের সৌন্দর্য এবং আনন্দ অদৃশ্য হয়ে যায় though the objects of nature remain unchanged. অপরিবর্তিত থাকে 

“The things which I have seen I now can see no more.” 

Thus, Wordsworth confers দেয় philosophic idea that Heaven does stay স্বর্গ থাকে in childhood and puberty বয়ঃসন্ধিতে but not in manhood. 

Pre-existence of human soul in the light of childhood  

শৈশবের আলোয় মানব আত্মার প্রাক-অস্তিত্ব 

The controversial বিতর্কমূলক metaphysical concept of the poem is the pre-existence of the human soul. Since Wordsworth philosophically observes যেহেতু ওয়ার্ডসওয়ার্থ দার্শনিকভাবে পর্যবেক্ষণ করে that childhood is the stage of heavenly ecstasy, পরমানন্দ the abode বাসস্থান of first stage of human soul is Eden. Side by side, the poet also asserts that the glory of paradise becomes fainter and fainter in the course of life. 

“From God, who is our home: 

Heaven lies about us in our infancy! 

Shades of the prison-house জেল-বাড়ির ছায়া begin to close 

Upon the growing Boy,” বেড়ে ওঠা বালকের উপর আরোপিত হয় 

Therefore, childhood does not only mean a time of celestial pleasures but a stage that bears messages of the pre-existence of the human soul

Full of care and hope 

Parents’ affectionate love and care exist in childhood. Every morning is packed with new hopes and business প্রত্যেক সকাল নতুন আশা ও ব্যস্ততায় পরিপূর্ণ that are contrary to maturity যে পরিপক্কতার পরিপন্থী।. Besides liberty resides in full swing পুরোদমে বাস করে in the child. In such a way the pigmy actor enters into a new stage of life. 

And with new joy and pride 

The little Actor cons another part; 

The psychology of the child 

Woodsworth has vividly described child psychology in this poem. The child who has been called an imitator and actor. He performs all parts and copies every action and gesture that he sees. 

Shaped by himself নিজের দ্বারা তৈরি with newly learned art নতুন-শেখার শিল্প সহ 

At a wedding or a festival, 

A mourning or a funeral; 

That is why the child is glorified as learning is the most secret source of success and happiness in this materialistic world. 

The prestige of the child 

The bombastic prestige of child has been conferred দেওয়া হয়েছে with a fantastic duality একটি দুর্দান্ত দ্বৈত দ্বারা of childhood. There are visible and invisible childhoods in the ode. The visible childhood is open for the readers in the factual language বাস্তব ভাষায় of stanza seven. On the other hand, the invisible childhood is present in stanza eight where metaphor and myth are used to recognize the child as “best philosopher, seer blest” and “eye among the blind”. The invisible childhood runs throughout maturity and of course till dotage. 

The ideal spirit of a child 

The child is spiritually greater than the adult man because the worldly pleasures পার্থিব আনন্দ of pelf and power সম্পদ ও শক্তির are out and out absent in childhood. In this way, Wordsworth presents an idealized picture of a child calling him the “Mighty Prophet”. It is the romantic trait to idealize a child’s innocence and pure joy.  


Wordsworth’s illustration of losses in this very poem is metaphorical because without the journey of losses we cannot enjoy the taste of life starkly. Such losses are inevitable for a better understanding of life. Human beings learn art through the experiences of loss and regaining. The regaining philosophy of the poet remembers us again and again that we are moving towards death which is unescapable and brings immortality for us that is why the poet is really grateful for the journey of life. 

“Thanks to the human heart by which we live, 

Thanks to its tenderness, its joys, and fears,” 

Conclusion: Overall, it is to be said that the idealization of child and childhood is philosophic and platonic to a great extent. Moreover, Wordsworth’s treatment of childhood has been wrapped with the mystic vision of life. So, the losses and gains are thick in human life. 

Setu Rani
Setu Rani
Articles: 64

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